Types of Child Care
As you begin your search, think about the type of child care you want for your child.
Small Family Child Care Homes are licensed to care for eight children, including the provider’s own children under age 10.
- At least two of the children must be 6 or older and no more than two may be infants.
- If six or fewer children are being cared for in the home, three may be infants.
Large Family Child Care Homes are licensed to care for 14 children and must have a second caregiver present.
- At least two of the children must be 6 or older and no more than three may be infants.
- If twelve or fewer children are being cared for in the home, four may be infants when a second caregiver is present.
- All children under 10 years of age who live in the home must be counted in the licensed capacity.
- All assistant provider’s children under 12 years of age and all other children under age of 18 who do not live in the home, must be counted in the licensed capacity.
- All persons residing in the home who are over 18 years of age must have received a fingerprint clearance.
- A current tuberculosis clearance is required for all adults residing in the home, or present in the home, during the time that children are in care.
- All family child care homes must contain a smoke detector and fire extinguisher. Those licensed for nine to fourteen children must obtain a fire clearance.
- All swimming pools or any other bodies of water must be made inaccessible to children by the use of a five-foot fence or a cover, which is strong enough to support the weight of an adult.
- All providers must have fifteen hours of health and safety training including CPR, First Aid, and Health Training. CPR and First Aid. Certificates must be kept current.
Child Care Centers are licensed to care for groups of more than twelve children. Staff must meet educational requirements. The facility must meet building, fire, and zoning codes.
Specific adult/child ratios required in child care centers are:
- Ages of Children /Number of Adults Required
- Infants (Birth to two years old): 1 Adult for every 4 infants
- Preschoolers (two to five years old): 1 Adult for every 12 children
- School-agers (Kindergarten to twelve years): 1 Adult for every 14 children
Exempt Child Care child care that has not been inspected for health and safety.
Exempt caregivers do not need a background in caring for children and have not had their backgrounds checked for criminal or child abuse activity.
Child care that is exempt includes:
- A person hired to care for your child in your home.
- A family child care home that cares for children from one family only.
- A “drop-in” arrangement such as health club or co-op. Recreation programs that operate for less than 13 hours per week or no longer than 12 weeks during the year (i.e. summer camp programs).
- Child care programs that are run by the school district.
- Any care and supervision of children by a relative or guardian.
In-Home Child Care includes babysitters or nannies hired by the parent to care for child in the parent’s home. Specific tax and employment rules apply to this type of care.